Thursday, September 2, 2010

Sleep Apnea Worsens Insulin Resistance in Teens

A new study in the Sept. 1 issue of SLEEP indicates that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) worsens insulin resistance in obese teens. Insulin resistance is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

OSA has been linked to diabetes and cardiovascular problems. Obesity increases a person’s risk for sleep apnea, but after adjusting for obesity, sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for insulin resistance and hypertension in adults.

The researchers hypothesized that OSA was associated with worse insulin resistance.

The study included 98 children, of which 42 were female and 56 were male.

“Prepubertal” children were seven years of age on average. There were 37 prepubertal children.

“Pubertal” children were 13 years on average. There were 61 pubertal children.

Each child took an overnight sleep test and had their insulin resistance assessed.

The results?

In obese pubertal children, OSA was associated with worse insulin resistance, putting them at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

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The Official Blog of the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine (AADSM) is intended as an information source only. Content of this blog should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment, and it is not a substitute for medical care, which should be provided by the appropriate health care professional. If you suspect you have a sleep-related breathing disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), you should consult your personal physician or visit an AASM-accredited sleep disorders center. The AADSM, and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, as the managing agent of the AADSM, assume no liability for the information contained on the Official Blog of the AADSM or for its use.